Gopichand Singh, Sumitra Banboria
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Nagaur-1, Agriculture University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan
The intensive system of farming is becoming unsustainable as shown by declining crop and factor productivity, the occurrence of multi-nutrient deficiencies, and a general decline in the productive capacity of soil as a result of injudicious fertilizer use, environmental damage, rising chemical contamination, etc. A different approach to farming is required in order to maintain and boost crop output while fostering the growth of a healthy ecosystem. Organic farming is recognized as the best-known alternative to modern intensive agriculture which is a holistic production management system, that avoids or minimizes the use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides and antibiotics and promotes and enhances agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles and biological activities, avoiding leaching losses and runoff and reducing soil erosion by enhancing soil structure. Over time, both in India and internationally, more land is being used for this type of cultivation. However, insufficient links between farmers and markets and a lack of government funding are the main limitations of organic farming in the nation. A suitable national agricultural strategy is needed that prioritizes organic farming and addresses concerns with its coverage, financial support, and building of connections between farmers, marketing organizations, and consumers. They instead rely on biological pest control and specific soil management techniques, such as crop rotations including grass/clover leys, winter break and catch crops and green manures, crop residue management and manuring, to control plant diseases and pests, maintain soil fertility and improve physical soil properties.