S Barman, N. Borah, S. Kalita, A. Das, R. Phukan, S. Mahanta and B Deka
Department of Extension Education, FA , Assam Agricultural University , Jorhat
The present study was planned to assess the impact of mushroom cultivation on socio economic condition of farm women and problems faced by them in mushroom cultivation during 2018-19 to 2020-21. All total 80 farm women practicing mushroom cultivation in four villages of project area were selected randomly as respondents for present study. Experimental research design (before and after) was followed for assessing the impact. Appropriate statistical techniques were used for analysis and interpretation of data. The result reveals that mean age of farm women was 41.4 years with formal education experiences 6.9 years; average land holdings of 0.38 ha with family size about four having membership for more than one organization with extension contact one per month. Farmwomen had average 2.5 years mushroom cultivation experiences and attended training on an average 1.57 days per year. The mean production of mushroom was 87.67 kg per month and income Rs. 2967.51 per month indicates subsistence level of cultivation. For assessing impact of mushroom cultivation, the mean annual income before and after cultivation of mushroom was recorded as Rs. 80100.30 and Rs. 98827.50 and found significant difference at 5% level of probability (T: 1.654). There was no significant difference on standard of living and house hold condition before and after cultivation of mushroom. ‘Non-availability of spawn in time’, ‘lack of spawn source locally’, ‘poor quality (contaminated) spawn’ were major problem faced by them. Promotion for large scale mushroom production among farm women may be initiated along with provision for quality spawn supply by establishing spawn laboratory in the locality. Special skill development training for mushroom spawn production among rural youth may also be organized for promotion of mushroom cultivation in rural areas.