Rohitash Kumar, Tikam C. Goyal, Devi Singh Rajput, Sanjay Kumar Rewani, Ashok Baindha and Vipin Chandra
Post- Graduate Institute of Veterinary Education & Research (PGIVER), Jaipur, Rajasthan
India is the world's largest milk producer and primarily an agricultural society where animal husbandry is the backbone of the national economy. In Rajasthan, livestock farming plays an important role in their livelihood. It is in rural areas that domestic activities are performed by female family members. Apart from this, there is a lot of participation and contribution of women; there are also significant gender inequalities in Indian villages. Therefore, there is a need to fix gender injustice in the livestock sector. Efforts are needed to increase women's ability to communicate confidently and meet their strategic needs. The present study was conducted in Pindwara and Abu Road Tehsils of the Sirohi district of Rajasthan. Respondents were selected from each village on the basis of having two or more than two milking animals and who have been actively involved in dairy farming activities. Overall one hundred twenty respondents were selected sixty women and sixty men included respectively by simple random sampling technique. Data were collected with the help of a pre-tested Interview schedule. The findings revealed that in general information majority of respondents belonged to the age group of 32 to 55 years, belonged to the nuclear family, up to primary education, 1 to 2 hectares of land, and monthly income from 50,000 to 100000 rupees. The study revealed that the majority of women mainly participated in various livestock activities i.e. cow dung collection and management, milking, care of new-born calves, and preparing milk products whereas men mainly participated in various activities i.e. selling of milk, keeping a record of milk and money, health care of animals, cleaning and bathing of the animal. So, findings revealed although women had high participation in dairy farming activities, they had less participation in marketing-related activities.