Bhavana Sajeev and Mercykutty M. J.
College of Agriculture, Vellanikkara, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur, Kerala, India
Half of the world's population is made up of women. No nation can develop if its women workforce in agriculture is not utilized to its fullest. The exposure of literature on gender and development confirms that women are essential to agriculture production and that gender barriers frequently hinder women from accessing resources and advanced technologies. However, there is a big difference between raising awareness of gender issues and incorporating gender as an analytical variable in research and development processes. To comprehensively review the literature that highlighted gender disparities in agriculture, a literature review was done. Results revealed that even though women contribute significantly in terms of physical labour and time to agriculture and related activities, gender discrimination continues to exist against them at all times. This is especially true when it comes to land ownership, gender-based differences in access to productive inputs and resources, a lack of labour (particularly male labour) for own plot production and agricultural productivity, unpaid care and domestic work, lower wages, and exclusion from decision-making processes. In every aspect across the world, women, and men both play significant roles in agriculture, producing, processing, and providing the food we eat. In most developing nations, between 60 and 80 percent of the food is produced by rural women, who also account for half of the world's total food production. However, despite their contribution to the world's food security, development policies routinely undervalue and ignore women farmers. Women would therefore be more effective and consequently more productive on the farm if they had a voice in decisions that impacted them as individuals or as the entire family. Keywords: