Jyotishna Boruah, Pallabi Bora, Pallabi Das
College of Agriculture, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam
Rice production in India is an important part of the national economy. Rice is a predominant crop in Assam and the majority of farmers are engaged in it for their livelihood. The State has been consistently making innovative efforts to augment rice production. The adoption of any improved rice technology largely depends on the profile characteristics of rice growers. Therefore, it is impetus to explore the socio-personal and psychological characteristics of rice growers. Keeping this fact in view, a study was undertaken in Jorhat district of Assam during 2021-22. Thirty numbers of farmers were selected randomly from one rice-growing village of each agroecological situation of the district which makes a total of 120 numbers of respondents. Statistical tools viz. frequencies, percentage, mean, and Standard Deviation were employed to analyze the data. A total of twelve profile characteristics of farmers were selected to assess the existing condition of farmers. The study revealed that the majority of the respondents (61.67 %) were middle-aged and were HSLC passed (42.50%) with joint family (69.17 %) having 7-8 family members. The majority (36.67%) of respondent’s family earned through cultivation and allied agricultural activities. A large portion of the respondents (69.17%) did not attend any relevant training but had a medium level of extension contact (61.67 %). There were 72.50 per cent of the respondents whose annual income ranged between Rs.30988.30-Rs. 83735.36. Nearly fifty percent possessed 1-2 ha of operational land holding and devoted 0.36 to 1.10 ha of land for rice cultivation. Above seventy percent of respondents obtained farm machinery from fellow farmers and (37.50%) of them availed credit from Self-help groups.