Surbhi Jangir, B.S. Badhala and Rekha Badhala
Sri Karan Narendra Agriculture University, Jobner
Ajwain is mainly cultivated for its seed and volatile oil (Thymol). The greyish-brown seeds of Ajwain are usually considered for medical and nutritional purposes. Rajasthan is a leading state in the cultivation of spices. There is wide scope for tribal farmers to become successful entrepreneurs in Ajwain production, marketing etc. With this background, present study was conducted to know the profile of Ajwain growers, study entrepreneurial attributes, their relationship and constraints faced by them. Based on the highest production of Ajwain, Choti Sdari tehsil of Pratapgarh district of Rajasthan was selected. A total 65 tribal respondents were selected purposively for the study. Data were collected with a well-structured interview schedule and analyzed by using statistical tools. The study revealed that 70.77 per cent of the Ajwain growers belonged to middle age category with secondary to graduate level education (30.77%). Most of them (38.46%) had marginal land holding less than 1 ha with an annual income of Rs. 11,743 to 133,036. Also, the majority of them had medium experience and used medium sources of information. The study revealed that most (64.21%) possessed a medium level of overall entrepreneurial attributes. Among them, leadership ability (71.27%), economic motivation (74.57%), and management ability (69.34%) were possessed by most of the respondents and more scope to develop innovativeness, risk-taking, decision-making abilities etc. Socio-economic characteristics like education, experience, annual income and sources of information had a significant relationship with Ajwain growers' entrepreneurial attributes. The major constraints faced by the respondents were the unavailability of quality seeds, high cost of inputs and labors, the lack of storage and transportation facilities, the lack of knowledge about export-oriented practices etc.