S. Meena, V.K. Meena, N.K. Sharma, D.S. Rajput, R.S. Pal
Livestock rearing has been a traditional source of livelihood for tribal farmers in Southern Rajasthan, playing a vital role in their economic sustainability and cultural identity. However, despite its significance, many livestock owners face challenges in optimizing their livestock management practices, leading to suboptimal productivity and economic outcomes. This abstract presents a comprehensive study aimed at understanding the key issues faced by tribal livestock owners in Southern Rajasthan and proposes innovative solutions to enhance their livelihoods. The study adopts a mixed-methods approach, combining qualitative interviews and surveys to assess the current livestock management practices and identify underlying challenges. Field observations and data analysis provide valuable insights into areas such as livestock health, nutrition, breeding and market access. The research also explores the impact of climate change on livestock productivity and resilience, considering the region's susceptibility to environmental fluctuations. Based on the findings, this abstract proposes a holistic Livestock Enhancement Program tailored to the unique needs of tribal farmers. The program emphasizes capacity building through workshops and training sessions on modern livestock management techniques, veterinary care and sustainable fodder cultivation. It also promotes community-based knowledge sharing to preserve traditional practices and encourage adaptive strategies for climate resilience. Furthermore, the abstract highlights the importance of leveraging technology for better livestock tracking, disease surveillance and market linkages. Access to mobile applications and digital platforms can empower livestock owners to make informed decisions, optimize resource utilization and enhance market integration. The Livestock Enhancement Program aims to create a multiplier effect, generating positive socio-economic impacts within the tribal communities. By enhancing livestock productivity and market opportunities, the program seeks to uplift their livelihoods, reduce poverty and foster sustainable development.