COMPENDIUM, IEEC-2023   ( ISBN : 978-81-967860-4-5 )
Theme-3: Bio-diversity and Resource Conservation, Livelihood and Food Security towards Sustainable Agri-food Systems

Doubling farmer’s Income through Organic Milk Production

Rahul Singh Pal

cvas, Bikaner


Organic milk production follows approved methods that integrate cultural, biological, and mechanical practices to support resource cycling, ecological balance, and biodiversity conservation. In 2016, the concept of doubling farmers' income was introduced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, marking India's entry into the "Amrit Kaal" after 75 years of independence. In 2018-19, the average monthly income of farmers was 10,245 rupees, which has now increased to 12,000 rupees in 2021-22. India's per capita net national income for 2022-23 is approximately 14,333 rupees per month, a significant rise from the 2014-15 figure of 7,384 rupees per month. The slow progress in increasing farmers' income is attributed to a lack of diversification and integrated farming practices. However, adopting mixed, diversified, and integrated farming systems can significantly contribute to the goal of doubling farmers' income. Livestock production techniques such as mixed livestock farming, diversification, and organic dairy industries play a crucial role in achieving this goal. Small and economically disadvantaged farmers find organic milk production appealing due to its lower financial and infrastructure requirements. These farmers employ organic practices, utilizing manure, compost, and vermicompost for soil fertility, organic feed and fodder for animals, alternative treatments for animals, and organic pest control methods. Organic milk and dairy products, including ghee, can command higher prices, further enhancing farmers' income. Selling these products in dedicated organic markets or shops can help capitalize on their value. While conventional milk prices typically range from 30 to 40 rupees per litre, organic milk can fetch higher prices, ranging from 50 to 100 rupees per litre. Similarly, organic ghee, dahi, khoa, and paneer can yield significantly higher returns compared to their non-organic counterparts, making them a financially viable choice for farmers.

IEEC-2023 at RARI (SKNAU, Jobner), Jaipur, Rajasthan organised by Society of Extension Education, Agra, India