M.L. Sharma and Priyanka Sahu
Departement of Agricultural Extension, IGKV, Raipur (CG)
A study was conducted in 2022-23 in Raigarh district of Chhattisgarh state among 120 groundnut growers with its specific objective to analyze the various constraints faced by them towards adoption of recommended groundnut production technology. Groundnut (Arachis hypogea) L. belongs to family Leguminosae. It is also a popular oilseed crop in tropical and subtropical areas around the world and native to South America. The findings of this study reveals that majority of the respondents belonged to middle aged group educated up to middle school and had a medium family size with 11 to 20 years farming experience of groundnut. Majority of respondents had small land holding i.e., 1.01 to 2.00 ha. A total net cropped area of 249.45 ha. was observed with rainfed area constituting 38.16 ha. The irrigated area was 211.29 ha out of which tube well was revealed to be the major source of irrigation in the study area. Yield gap analysis revealed that the difference between experimental yield and farmer’s yield and it was observed that the yield gap appeared to be higher than the difference between demonstration yield and farmer’s yield. Production losses were more due to hailstorms and weeds. Majority of farmers obtained 12-14 (q/ha.) of productivity in groundnut cultivation. Spoilage by rodents during storage, unavailability of seeds at proper time were observed as major technological constraints for groundnut growers. Farmers suggested that they should be provided with proper knowledge regarding seed treatment methods and organize qualitative training programmes for different stakeholders.