Chumbenthung Patton and Amod Sharma
Department of Agricultural Economics, Nagaland University SASRD, Medziphema Campus, District: Dimapur - 797106, Nagaland
Rice is the principal cereal crop and has significant importance in the northeast region terrace rice cultivation has been shown to be a better farming system in rice cultivation compared to jhumming. The present study has been conducted in the Kohima and Phek districts of Nagaland to do a comparative study of the management practices and constraints faced by the 160 respondents by opting for a purposively stratified random sampling technique. The respondents of both districts had similar packages of practices in management that differed between the selected districts with varying use of machinery, spacings and pest management methods. The average area and production of terrace rice per household were higher in the Kohima district as compared to the Phek district. T-test revealed a significant difference in the productivity of rice where Kohima had higher productivity. Regression analysis revealed area and pest management as the independent variables having a significant effect on the production in both districts. Less remunerative, less inputs, and others consisting of pests and climatic factors were the most common problems faced by the terrace rice farmers in both districts while financial support, linking with government schemes/banks, others consisting of agri link roads construction and agriculture and allied departments intervention were the most relevant measures to promote terrace rice cultivation in both the districts.