COMPENDIUM, IEEC-2023   ( ISBN : 978-81-967860-4-5 )
Theme-4: Advances in Social Management in Agriculture and Allied Sciences

Beyond Tradition: Unravelling Challenges to Girl Education in India and Pakistan's Rural Societies

Rishi Dev Jaryal, Manjunath Tondihal, V. J. Savaliya

Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh, Gujarat.


Women in India and Pakistan have endured the subjugation of men since later-vedic and post-vedic periods, and conservative rural societies still prevail in both countries. This paper delves into the general attitudes of rural parents towards their daughters' education and examines the challenges faced by both parents and girls in accessing schools and universities. The paper sheds light on the prevalent negative or non-serious approach of rural parents towards girl education, with a preference for educating sons over daughters. False interpretations of religion sometimes lead to the forbiddance of girls' education, perpetuating the belief that keeping them uneducated is virtuous. Consequently, the female literacy rate in Pakistan is 47 per cent and that of India stands at 64.63 per cent. Throughout history, we have seen so many examples of enlightened men and women consistently raising their voice against the lack of education for women, but we have not reached the milestone. The major challenges encompass negative parental attitudes, unsafe environments for girls, distant educational institutions, patriarchal norms, and poverty. To create meaningful change, the attitudes of both men and women must evolve, fostering a society where individuals rise above socio-economic and cultural barriers and advocate for the rights of marginalized segments. Recent reports from World Economic Forum reveal that women are nearly 131 years behind men, underscoring the urgency of bridging this gender education gap. True education, not mere literacy, emerges as the key solution to create a more peaceful and equitable future. the paper tries to solve an important question: How difficult is it to understand that men and women are at par with each other?

IEEC-2023 at RARI (SKNAU, Jobner), Jaipur, Rajasthan organised by Society of Extension Education, Agra, India