Khushboo Bhati and R.D. Pandya
Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari, Gujarat
Over the time, gender relations have significantly evolved in the agricultural sector. Gender inequalities in farm families in access to and control over resources are persistent, undermining a sustainable and inclusive development of the sector. Gender equity is an essential tool to to uplift the lagging gender of society through efficient measures. The conceptualization of gender attitudes is a difficult task because gender is socially constructed and a complex concept. Thus, through the present study, we attempted to measure the attitude of selected farm families towards gender equity. The scale was developed using Likert Scaling Technique and was instrumentally utilized to measure attitude of 280 farm families. The result showed 37.86 per cent of the farmers had favourable attitude, followed by 36.43, 15.00 and 9.28 per cent of them had neutral, highly favourable and unfavourable attitude respectively. Only 4.00 per cent of them had highly unfavourable attitude. It was also observed that 32.14 per cent of farm women had neutral attitude, while 30.00 and 28.22 per cent of them had favourable and highly favourable attitude respectively. The remaining 9.64 per cent had unfavourable attitude with no farm woman in highly unfavourable category. The level of attitude was analysed for relation with 20 independent variables significant to study and revealed that discrimination among children and choice of partner of farmers and family education, economic productivity, choice of partner, wage structure and aspirations of farm women were found significantly correlated with attitude towards gender equity. The result infers that it requires cultural reforms, community mobilization programs and financial independence to women in a society to realize their equal worth.