Suman Meena, V.K. Meena, N.K. Sharma, D.S. Rajput and R.S. Pal
Animal resource management plays a pivotal role in sustaining agricultural economies and ensuring food security. Efficient management of animal resources encompasses a wide range of practices, including husbandry, nutrition, breeding, health care and welfare. This abstract provides an overview of the key strategies and challenges involved in animal resource management. Effective animal resource management begins with comprehensive planning and implementation of sustainable livestock production systems. These systems focus on optimizing productivity while mitigating environmental impacts and promoting animal welfare. Selecting suitable breeds, optimizing nutrition and providing appropriate housing and facilities are critical components of successful management. In recent years, technological advancements have revolutionized the field of animal resource management. Precision agriculture, data analytics and sensor technologies have enhanced monitoring and decision-making processes. These innovations enable farmers and producers to make informed choices that result in improved animal health, enhanced production efficiency and reduced resource wastage. Challenges in animal resource management are diverse and require adaptive approaches. Environmental concerns, such as climate change and natural resource depletion, demand the adoption of eco-friendly practices to minimize ecological footprints. Disease outbreaks and biosecurity threats necessitate vigilant monitoring and swift response measures to safeguard animal health and prevent economic losses. Socio-economic factors, including fluctuating market demands and resource constraints, pose additional challenges to sustainable animal resource management. Education and capacity-building initiatives are vital in equipping farmers and stakeholders with the knowledge and skills to implement best practices and adapt to evolving conditions. Ethical considerations in animal resource management are gaining increasing attention from consumers and regulatory bodies. Welfare standards, ethical treatment and animal rights are shaping the way animals are reared and managed, influencing consumer choices and market access for producers. In conclusion, animal resource management is a dynamic and multifaceted field that requires continuous adaptation to meet the demands of a changing world.