COMPENDIUM, IEEC-2023   ( ISBN : 978-81-967860-4-5 )
Theme-4: Advances in Social Management in Agriculture and Allied Sciences

Analysis of Cow Production Parameters to The Socioeconomic Profile of The Dairy Business

Brijendra Singh Rajawat, Saurabh Sharma and Zosangpuii

KVK, Megagre, Dist. East Garo Hills (Meghalaya) 794111


The present research was undertaken during the period 2022-23 with rigorous sampling process led to the selection of ten dairy farmers with more than four milch animals from each village, amounting to a total of 60 participants. In the study found substantial majority of the dairy farmers (56.67%) belonged to the other backward class category, while the remaining participants comprised the general (25.00%), SC (16.67%), and ST (1.67%) categories. The educational background of the farmers revealed that (33.33%) of respondents had a graduate or above education status, followed by (48.33%) with primary education, (16.70%) with secondary education, and only (1.70%) who were illiterate. Further, observed the significant involvement of medium level of experienced dairy farmers (66.67%), while (16.67%) had low and equally per cent age of high level experienced were found dairy farming. Economically, the majority fell within the medium-income group (55.00%), while (35.00%) belonged to the low-income group and remaining 10 per cent were categorized in high-income group. In the livestock distribution, categorized as buffaloes (62.62%), crossbred cows (11.15%), and indigenous cows (26.23%). Also observed that, (54.97%) of the dairy farmers of the total livestock taking vaccination practices, while only (27.74%) provided regular mineral mixtures observed in study area. Whereas, 17.27 per cent of the dairy farmers took measures to control internal parasites in their animals. The average daily milk production (in kg) for crossbred cows, buffaloes, and indigenous cows was recorded at 9.65, 6.50, and 3.01, respectively. Furthermore, the average age at first calving was noted as 48 months for indigenous cows, 32 months for crossbred cows, and 36 months for buffaloes. Additionally, the average number of services required for the last pregnancy was observed as 1.67, 1.58, and 1.68 for indigenous cows, crossbred cows, and buffaloes, respectively.

IEEC-2023 at RARI (SKNAU, Jobner), Jaipur, Rajasthan organised by Society of Extension Education, Agra, India