Role of Jute Cultivation in Farmers' Livelihood

Rajendra R. Chapke


The study was conducted to assess impact of the demonstrated jute technologies from 1996 to 2005 on the farmers’ livelihood in North 24-Parganas districts of West Bengal. Results revealed that demonstrated technologies increased the fibre yield of jute by 424 kg /ha (16%) in the post-demonstration (2980 kg /ha) compared to the yield obtained in the pre-demonstration period (2557 kg /ha) and provided additional surplus of Rs. 5000 per ha to the farmers. This additional income was utilized by the farmers with 50% more than earlier on food, health of the family members, education of children, attending social and entertainment programmes, and purchase of farm implements or essential items was also recorded. In addition, jute provided several non-price advantages with various uses of plant parts other than fibre, which were equally important to them. Therefore, increasing productivity and benefits of jute through promising input cost-saving technologies is a prime concern

Keyword: Jute; Frontline demonstration; Farmers’ livelihood; Fibre yield; Income utilization pattern;

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