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CONSTRAINTS AS PERCEIVED BY TRIBAL COMMUNITIES IN BACKYARD POULTRY FARMING

M. K. Mandal

Abstract

Backyard Poultry Farming (BYPF) is a traditional and age-old practice in downtrodden and under-privileged tribal communities. Till today, they prefer to keep non-descript, multicolored birds because these birds are eco-friendly and able to provide small but regular source of income to many generations. But gradually this scenario has changed due to several constraints faced by tribal people in this particular enterprise. Therefore, this study was planned and carried out among 100 respondents in four randomly selected tribal villages of Bankura district of West Bengal to find out the constraints faced by the tribal people in BYPF. The results shows that the major constraints as percieved by the tribal people were lack of suitable germ-plasm, high incidence of diseases, poor prolificacy of the birds, attack of predators, high incidence of hatching mortality, lack of knowledge, complaint of neighbourers and lack of financial support. The study also revealed that, they reared the birds not only to obtain meat and eggs but also for cultural, social and recreational needs. All the tribal people opined that, BYPF is a profitable enterprise, which helps them to purchase daily essential commodities like rice, salt, oil etc.

Keyword: Backyard, Poultry farming, Tribal, Constraints.

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