Jhumias of Manipur in North East India: Socio-economic characteristics and jhum activities

Punitha P, J.K Chauhan, Ram Singh, Daya Ram and R.J. Singh


Shifting cultivation also known as Jhum practised predominantly by North East Indian farmers. The people who practise Jhum are called as Jhumias. Due to the ill effects of Jhum cultivation, since 1950s, various schemes were implemented by Government of India to eradicate Jhum. The objective of the study is to assess the socio-economic condition of the Jhumias and to document the different Jhum activity and the festivities associated with Jhum activity. Mix method research design and multistage sampling technique was deployed in this study. Total number of 240 samples was selected for the study. The results revealed that about 75.80 per cent of Jhumias household had an highest educational qualification of secondary and above secondary level of education. The average family size, dependency ratio and Jhum experience was found to be 6.67, 57 and 22.44 years respectively. The number of access to mass media was averaging 2. About 76.30 per cent of the respondents had no access to extension contact and about, 79.60 per cent of the respondents has not attended training on-farm activities for the past two years. The average Jhum size, settled agricultural land and homestead land was found to be 1.55 ha, 0.23 ha and 0.25 ha respectively. Jhum activity and the characteristics of Khasom khullen village described show that Jhumias had festivities associated with Jhumming and close knit bonding. The stakeholders who are working with jhumias should take into consideration the socio cultural aspects. Keywords : Livelihood; Jhum activity;

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