Sheep Farmers’ Problems Accessing in Extension Information in Erbil, Northern Province of IRAQ

Mahabad Ibrahim ABBAS and Cuma AKBAY


The extension is an informal educational process (change knowledge, skills, and attitudes), directed toward rural population. This study aims to determine and analyze the participation of sheep farmers in the extension activities process and to make recommendations on how farmer’s participation in extension activities in Erbil, Northern Province of Iraq. The study utilized data from randomly selected 180 sheep farmers through face-to-face interview using a semi-structured questionnaire containing the principal information. The important knowledge has been obtained making use of a structured questionnaire and has been analyzed using the instrumentality of descriptive information, frequency, and Chi-square test. The result of the data analysis showed that most of the sheep farmers (82.8%) are male. According to results veterinary department is the main source of extension information (87.2%) followed by neighbors and friends (69.4%). The results of the chi-square test showed that gender had maximum effect on the knowledge of information in livestock activity (P<0.05). Moreover, friends and neighbors, civil institution and training course have a highly significant relationship with the farmers and their accessing to agricultural extension services (P<0.05). The results of this study indicated that sheep farmers in the research area are aware of knowledge and the best management practices however the level of extension information is far from being desired.

Keyword: Rural farmers; Sheep farming; Extension; Knowledge;

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