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An Approach in Disseminating Dual Purpose Wheat Technology : A Case from Uttarakhand, India

Sapna Jarial

Abstract

To demonstrate green fodder harvest through wheat, trials at farmers’ fields were conducted during w inter of 2011 to 2012 to compare the impact of green fodder harvest on the grain and straw yield on two varieties - local wheat variety, and improved variety- VL 829 with and without egyptian clover with the four treatments and four replications using randomised block design in two districts of Uttarakhand. The treatments were: (1) no fodder cu t; no fertiliser (2) fodder cut at 79 to 85 days after sowing; no fertiliser (3) fodder cut at 79 to 85 days after so wing with 100 kg urea (46 kg N) /ha after the cut (4) fodder cut at 79 to 85 days after sowing with 6 MT FYM /ha afte r the cut with four replications. Further chemical composition and nutritive evaluation was carried using proximate prin ciples in both the varieties. In district Tehri Garhwal , harvesting fodder at 79 days after sowing of the imp roved variety VL 829 produced significant quantity of additional green fodder (about 3.20 MT /ha) in the lean season without any significant reduction in the grain and straw yields. In district Pithoragarh, improved VL 829 wheat variety resulted about 1.70 MT green fodder at 85 days after sowing with no significant reduction of grain y ield but produced more straw (about 1.50 MT additional /ha). Thus, the fodder harvest innovation from local w heat and improved wheat was demonstrated to the farmer to get quality fodder without impacting the grain yiel d during the lean season for uptake.

Keyword: Farm women; Agricultural

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