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Livelihood Security before Implementation of Tribal Sub Plan in Manipur

T.M. Chanu, Sagar Mondal and M.M. Adhikary

Abstract

The Tribal Sub-Plan was initiated during Fifth Five Year Plan for socio-economic amelioration of the tribal communities in India. In Manipur, the Tribal Sub-Plan was intervened in 2015-16 with an objective to provide tribal families a variety of welfare and development programmes. Though, the Government of India has been formulating policies, programs, projects and schemes focusing on tribal people and investing significant financial resources through every Five Year Plan to accelerate the rural development, identification of the components mostly preferred by the tribal people, their actual need is still not yet known. Keeping the above facts in mind, the present study was conducted in Kangpokpi and Chandel districts of Manipur with the objective of prioritizing the different components of livelihood security based on the importance as perceive by the TSP beneficiaries before implementation of Tribal Sub Plan. A total of 100 TSP beneficiaries were interviewed. For analysis of data, The Method of Paired Comparison was followed. It was found from the study that health security is the most important component followed by financial security, educational security, habitat security and food security respectively.

Keyword: Tribal sub plan; livelihood security; Method of paired comparison

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