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Constraints Perceived in Adoption of Indigenous Water Harvesting Practices

H.R. Pannu, J.P. Lakhera, J.P. Yadav and K.C. Jeengar

Abstract

Water is a major natural resource which is limiting factor in the development of agriculture. Therefore, it is necessary to adopt water management technologies for utilizing the available water resource. Water is the most precious commodity in the arid region due to prevalence of unfavourable hydro meteorological condition. In north western Rajasthan particularly in Bikaner district the quantity of water available from various sources such as surface water and ground water are not sufficient even for drinking purpose. People have been depending on rain water harvesting structure (RWH) in the form of small ponds (nadis) reservoirs under ground tank (tanka), khadins etc. It was observed that socio-psychological (70.16 MPS) and technical constraints (64.33 MPS) were found as the most important constraints which hinder the adoption of indigenous water harvesting practices. Among sociopsychological constraints “deterioration of water quality in Indigenous Water harvesting structure expressed by 81.94 per cent farmers as a major problems. The least important socio- psychological constraints as perceived by respondents was “Negative approaches of the local leaders regarding IWHPâ€ (63.05%)

Keyword: Water; Water management t

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