Abdul Sadat, Sunil Kumar Ghosh and Kaushik Chakraborty
India is one of the largest jute producing country. Jute is an eco-friendly crop; extensively grown at commercial scale in the province of West Bengal in India. West Bengal tops the list in respect of yield generation out of all of the states of India. Jute production is labour intensive and provides subsistence to millions of farm-families. In order to expedite jute production, various government and non-government agencies, in West Bengal, are actively working to transfer the protocol of improved cultivation strategy and field based practical knowledge to jute farmers. Therefore, an attempt has been made to assess the improvement of knowledge and cultivation practices due to the adoption of recommended technologies following training and demonstration programme. In the present study beneficiary farmers are considered as ‘experimental group’ and non-beneficiaries as a ‘control group’. It is clearly observed from this study that beneficiary farmers achieved higher knowledge and adoption level than non-beneficiaries in different farming technology and practice. Knowledge and adoption levels of beneficiary farmers in use of high yielding varieties, land preparation, seed treatment, suggested composite, plant protection measures, irrigation, method of pesticide application, retting procedure and fibre extraction were 100, 95, 80, 95, 95, 100, 90, 90 and 80 per cent and 100, 75, 60, 85, 85, 95, 80, 85 and 60 per cent respectably. On the other hand knowledge and adoption level in nonbeneficiaries were 100, 100, 70, 90, 90, 100, 70, 90 and 70 per cent and 60, 50, 40, 70, 70, 80, 60, 90 and 60 percent respectably. In the present study the impact of training and demonstration to the farmers to adopt the technology bases tools including cultural protocol was 17.87 per cent over the existing knowledge and management practices. It can be thus safely concluded from observation that there is significant role of farm-training in promotion of improved production practices of jute and ensuring their adoption. Substantial impact of training over the existing knowledge and adoption of the beneficiary farmers than the non-beneficiary farmers was also observed.
Keyword: Demonstration; Impact change; Jute farmers; Agricultural extension workers; Training; Adoption level;