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Adoption Behaviour of Oilseed Growers in India

R. Venkattakumar and M. Padmaiah

Abstract

India accounts for 12-15 per cent of world’s oilseed area, 7-8 per cent of world’ oilseed output, 6-7 per cent of world’s vegetable oil production, 9-12 per cent of world’s vegetable oil import and 9-10 per cent of world’s vegetable oil consumption. The country ranks first in the production of castor, safflower, sesame and niger, third in rapeseed-mustard, fourth in linseed, fifth in soybean and seventh in sunflower in the world. In terms of area India ranks first in castor, safflower, groundnut, sesame, rapeseed-mustard and niger, third in sunflower and linseed and fifth in soybean in the world. Oilseeds support about 14 million population in farming and a million in processing. There is a high degree of variation in production of annual oilseeds due to their cultivation predominantly under low and uncertain rainfall conditions in soils which are hungry coupled with poor nutrient supply and crop management. India has produced a record of nearly 30 million tonnes of oilseeds during 2007-08 from an area of 26.7 million ha and productivity of 1115 kg/ha (2007-08). The oilseed production in the country is mainly depending on the vagaries of monsoon and the domestic price support. Despite increase in the domestic production of vegetable oils, there is a, import surge due to increase in the per capita consumption of edible oil and hence, the selfsufficiency of edible oil revolves around 60 per cent

Keyword: Ooilseed; Vegetable oil;

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