Akanksha Pandey, M.L. Sharma and V.K. Sharma
The present study was undertaken in Surguja and Surajpur districts of Chhattisgarh to know the seed replacement ratio of tribal farmers. 120 tribal farmers were considered as respondents for this study. Respondents were interviewed through personal interview. About seed replacement ratio among respondents for different crops during year 2010 to 2014, the average seed replacement ratio for rice (52.80%), wheat(23.14%) and maize 48.16 per cent respectively. Regarding seed replacement ratio in the different categories of the respondents for rice crop, small and marginal farmer’s average seed replacement ratio was 47.96 per cent, medium farmers 37.92 per cent, and big farmers 76.34 per cent. Therefore, more number of big farmers replaced their seeds in comparison the others. In correlation analysis the finding data revealed that out of 14 independent variables only 5 variables i.e. credit acquisition, source of information, cosmopoliteness, sources of seed, and annual income were found positive and significantly correlated with extent of seed replacement ratio of the respondents at 0.01 and 0.05 level of probability. In multiple regression only 3 variables i.e. sources of information, sources of seed and annual income had positive and significant contribution in the seed replacement ratio of the respondents.
Keyword: Seeds; Replacement ratio; Northern hills;