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Adoption Behaviour of Commercial Potato Growers in District Ghaziabad (Uttar Pradesh)

B. K. Singh, Dhiraj Kumar Singh, V. P. S. Yadav and Lotan Singh

Abstract

India is the second largest producer of vegetable in world next only to China but India is lagging far behind with nearly one third less productivity than china. Currently per capita consumption of vegetable is 175g per capita per day, which is far below recommended dose of 300g. It is estimated that by 2010 country’s vegetable demand would be around 135 million tonnes. There is an urgent need to increase the productivity of vegetable in order to provide nutritional security to increasing population of India. Potato along with brinjal, tomato, cabbage and cauliflower account for nearly 60 percent of vegetable production in India. Uttar Pradesh is second largest producer of vegetable after West Bengal. Ghaziabad is basically an industrial city of Uttar Pradesh. It has a great potential for commercial vegetable cultivation due to its proximity to National Capital Territory of Delhi, since it provides an international market for vegetables. Land holding in India is shrinking day by day due to fast urbanization, rapid industrialization and conversion of joint family into nuclear family. Commercial cultivation of vegetable is highly remunerative in such situation since it provides higher yield/unit area and high economic return in short time. Keeping the above scenario in mind, the study was carried out in eight blocks of district Ghaziabad. In this study adoption level refers to the level of adoption of recommended cultivation practices of potato by the respondents. Fifteen recommended practices included in the package of practices in vegetable cultivation were used for measuring this adoption. The study concluded that about 82 percent of the vegetable growers had low or medium adoption of commercial potato cultivation practices. It means medium adopters were more energetic, knowledgeable, dynamic and having more interest in adopting modern vegetable technologies

Keyword: Nutritional security; Veg

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