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Farmer’s Perception about Climate Change in Plain Zone of Chhattisgarh

O. P. Parganiha and M. L. Sharma

Abstract

In order to making informed decisions about climate change, timely and useful information is necessary about the possible consequences of climate change, people’s perceptions of those consequences, available adaptation options, and the benefits of slowing the rate of climate change. To examine how farmer‘s have been perceiving the consequences of changing climatic conditions, a study was conducted in plain zone of Chhattisgarh state in the year 2013-14 & 2014-15. For the purpose, 240 farmers of 24 villages of Chhattisgarh plain were interviewed. Majority of the respondents were belonged to middle age group ranging from 46-60 years of age and more than two third of them belonged to other backward class. Among respondents more than half of them educated up to middle to higher secondary level. Most of the respondents were residing as joint family with 5 to 8 members in their family. A little more than half of them had 21 to 40 years of farming experience. Majority of the farmers (70.00%) were fully aware about rise in the risk of crop failure due to climate change has increased. Findings on farmer’s perception regarding change in climate indicated that almost three forth of the respondents perceived the timing of rain onset has increased and more than 83 per cent of the respondents were reported that rainy days frequency has decreased. They have been experiencing no change (58.75%) in total amount of precipitation over the past 15 years. The majority of farmers (76.67%) believed that the minimum temperature in winter season had increased. Decreasing trend in number of cool days was reported by 75.42 per cent of the respondents. Furthermore, about 76 per cent of the respondents said that maximum temperature in summer is increasing, while, nearly three forth of them were responded that duration of summer season has increased. Moreover, about 63 per cent of the respondents perceived high level of changes in climatic condition in winter season because they felt that minimum & maximum temperature in winter has increased and number of cool & heavy fog days has decreased. Nearly 67 per cent of the respondents reported that high level of changes occurred in summer season due to increasing trend in minimum & maximum temperature, duration of season and number of hot days.

Keyword: Socio-personal characteristics; Climate change; Awareness; Perception;

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