Ram Singh, S.M. Feroze, Lala I.P. Ray, K. Johny Singh and D. Muliar
The comparative nutritional status of the rice growers has been examined based on therice cultivation method which is known as System of Rice Intensification (SRI) over Non-SRI. The result are based on the primary information collected from the farmers of Tripura state that was selected from the two district viz, South Tripura and West Tripura district. The livelihood security indicators given in the model (CARE, 1996) were used to work out the nutritional index of both the SRI and Non-SRI households. The study has revealed that the quality of life in term of health and food consumption in terms of calories intake by the SRI household was found to be better than the non-SRI household. The commodity-wise per capita food consumption was more diversified in SRI household which shown a shifting in food consumption to high value food such as meat, fish and nuts. Consequently, it improved the calories intake of the SRI household than to the Non-SRI household of the state. Therefore, the method has its novelty to improve the nutritional security but still the state has lot many potential to improve it as the state is lagging behind in respect to calories intake in comparison to the national level consumption. From the study it is suggested that the SRI method of rice cultivation has much potential to enhance the production of rice which leads to improve the livelihood and income of the farmers and consequently it helps to improve the nutritional security of the households.Therefore, SRI farming must be taken up at mission mode level in the state.
Keyword: SRI; Non-SRI; Nutrition; Calories; Commodities;