Management Practices and Perceived Constraints in Goat Rearing in Burdwan District of West Bengal

C. Jana, F.H. Rahman, S.K. Mondal and A.K. Singh


A study was conducted in order to analyze goat rearing practices prevailing in the district and to identify the constraints in goat farming through collection of data from 150 respondents from Burdwan district. The data pertaining to reasons for taking up goat farming, goat rearing practices being followed and constraints being faced were collected with the help of semi-structured interview schedule after ensuring its reliability and validity. Getting remunerative price from the each animal reared on low or no cost input was the most important (81.78 MPS) reason for rearing of Bengal goat. Most of the goat keepers (90%) reared their animals following semiintensive system in kachcha houses (69.33%) which were constructed separately with locally available low-cost materials. Floor of goat shed in most of the cases (56.67%) was earthen and roof had traditional thatch (56.67%). Almost half of the respondents (51.33%) maintained their goats by allowing grazing for 4 – 6 hours per day and offering vegetable waste, vegetables and crop residues alongwith tree leaves. Most of the goat farmers (57.33%) vaccinated their goats against major diseases like goat pox, peste des petits ruminant and foot and mouth disease. Lack of pure breed buck (Rank I), high incidence of diseases (Rank II) and lack of capital to start a goat farm (Rank III) were perceived to be the major constraints by the goat rearers

Keyword: Goat; Rearing; Practices;

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