Elly Kirwa , R.J. Singh and Ram Singh
The tribal North Eastern Hill (NEH) states of India is highly vulnerable to Climate Change (CC), which will have direct negative consequences on production and productivity, causing serious descent of rural livelihoods and increase food insecurity. The concept of Climate Smart Agricultural Practices (CSAPs) has offered array of solutions to enable farmers mitigate the problems of CC. Case study research design was followed in present investigation to identify the CSAPs in adopted villages of Colleges of Agriculture (CoAs) under CAU, Imphal. Priority Ranking Matrix (PRM) was considered in examining the identified CSAPs. The Integrated Agriculture and Animal Based Farming Systems (IAABFS) with Priority Ranking Score (PRS) of 37; followed by the Agro-horti-animal husbandry IFS (AHAHIFS) with PRS of 21 and the Cultivation of Stress Tolerant Varieties (CSTV) with PRS of 15 were the top prioritized CSAPs at adopted villages under CoA, Imphal, Manipur, CoA, Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh and CoA, Kyrdemkulai, Meghalaya of CAU, Imphal respectively. The scientific inquiry concluded that CSAPs based on Integrated Agriculture and Animal Based Farming Systems (IAABFS) should be the central to achieve sustainably increasing agricultural productivity & incomes; adapting & building resilience to climate change; and reducing greenhouse gases emission, wherever possible in the NEH states.
Keyword: NEH; CC; CSAPs; PRM; PRS; IAABFS; AHAHIFS; CSTV;