Assessment of Livelihood Capitals of Sweet Potato and Paddy Growers in Karnataka

D. Jaganathan, Sheela Immanuel, Sanket J. More and P. Sethuraman Sivakumar

Abstract


Sustainable livelihood analysis was attempted to elucidate the factors that affect the sources of livelihoods of
sweet potato and paddy growers in Belagavi district of Karnataka. A sample of 60 sweet potato growers and
60 paddy growers were selected using snow ball sampling and data were collected using PRA tools, interview
schedule and focus group discussions during July to December 2017. The sustainable livelihood index was
worked out using the DFID methodology for all the capitals. Sweet potato growers realized 39 per cent higher
net profit than the paddy growers. The overall human index was 46 for sweet potato growers and 52 for paddy
growers. The overall physical capital index was more for sweet potato growers (72) as compared to paddy
growers (70). Social capital index was similar to both the growers. The overall financial index was 40 for
paddy growers and 36 for sweet potato growers. The overall natural capital index was 63 for sweet potato
growers and 64 for paddy growers. The rural livelihood sustainable index was marginally more for paddy
growers (58) than sweet potato growers 56. Similarities between capitals of sweet potato and paddy growers
were in the decreasing order with respect to social, natural, physical, financial and human capitals. Major
sources of livelihood were agriculture, employment in government/private sector and small business. The
vulnerability factors were inflation, price fluctuation, crop failure and labour cost.

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