Sensitivity of Woman Research Scholars Studying in State Agricultural Universities towards Climate Change

Netravathi G and N.B. Chauhan

Abstract


Women comprise half of the human resources and they have been identified as key agents of sustainable
development. In India, women constitute 90.00 per cent of total marginal work force of the country and 78.00
per cent of rural women are engaged in agriculture. In developing countries like India, women play a key role
in conservation of basic life supporting systems. All these women activities are directly associated with nature
and affected by climate change. This creates difficult situations for women by amplifying their time for daily
activities. In this developing world it is a common practice, that all extension and training services are primarily
directed towards men. Female farmers receive only five per cent of agricultural extension services and that
only 15 per cent of the world’s extension agents are women. In addition to this, cultural constraints and over
burden of work restricts women awareness, knowledge and concern and they become more sensitive towards
climate change. In this regard, SAUs have increased their efforts through research, education, extension and
management. To perform extension work efficiently, women scientists and educationists of SAUs need to update
their knowledge to educate the major part of marginal women work force. Hence, the study confirms that
respondents have positive attitude towards climate change and demonstrated excellent climate change concern,
but they have a relatively average level of knowledge towards climate change, it leads to average level of
sensitivity towards climate change among women research scholars studying in SAUs.

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