Adoption Consistency of Climate Smart Agriculture Practices among Farmers of Vulnerable Areas to Flood in Assam

S. Barman, P.K. Neog, P.K. Pathak, P. Mishra and H. Saikia

Abstract


Agriculture has become a high-risk profession towards climate change and weather variability, which have
direct impact on farmers’ socio-economic condition, and at the same time has to face challenge to provide food
security for ever increasing population. So, there is a need to study the different aspects of climate smart
agriculture and the present study is an attempt to assess the adoption consistency of farmers about CSA practices
and factors likely to influence thereon. The adopters of overall selected practices were 79.85 per cent. The
adoption consistency for overall selected CSA practices was of medium level for majority of respondents
(58.25%). The LMR model showed that adoption consistency was expressed variation by selected explanatory
variables with 23 per cent (R2=0.23). ‘Age’ (X1), ‘dependency ratio of family’ (X3), ‘proportion of low land’ (X4),
‘market accessibility’ (X7) and ‘cropping intensity’ (X9) were found to have positive and significant influence
on adoption consistency. In order to increase adoption consistency, extension agencies, both in public and
private sectors, should put forward strategic effort to make farmers aware of climate change and its impact on
food production. Regular extension and technology backstopping is very important for increasing adoption
consistency of farmers. The different stakeholders (both public and private) in input and output chains should
work in convergence mode as a common entity so that farmers get necessary environment for adoption of
technologies

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