Impoverishment and Vulnerability of The Farmers: A Harsh Reality

Anannya Chakraborty and S.K. Acharya

Abstract


After 72 years of independence India is still suffering from the malicious problem of and poverty. The farmers, who are providing food to our 1.31 billion population are in empty stomach and bare hands. 21.7 per cent of it’s people are below the poverty line. According to National Crime Record Bureau, in the year 2015 the total numbers of farmers who have committed suicide is 5670. A survey of FAO reveals that nearly 75 per cent of food insecure and vulnerable people are directly or indirectly related to agriculture. Another report of FAO has revealed that about 78 per cent of the farmers are ready to quit agriculture.  This is really alarming as well as distressing while we have made a call for complete digitization to create ICT driven modern India. Poverty can be measured in terms of income. In other way the other forms of poverty are educational starvation, cultural deprivation and social depletion. Silence can be perceived in terms of inability of a person to raise voices against discrimination, both social and economic atrocities as well as a decision to go silent whenever it needs to utter voices .On this preamble the present study was conducted in Beraberi GP under Nadia district of WB. 150 respondents were selected purposively and they were interviewed thoroughly with a structured interview schedule. In this study 21 independent variables were selected against a dependent variable poverty (Y). Here in this study it has been revealed that the most important aspects of impoverishment of the farming community are cropping intensity, communication variables, livestock possession and stress perception.


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