Profitability and Production of Marigold Flowers in Faridabad District of Haryana

Hari Baksh J.N.Yadav, V.P.S. Yadav, Harendra Yadav and A.K. Deshwal

Abstract


Horticultural based farming system may contribute in doubling the farmers’ income.  In India among flower cultivation, Marigold flower is an important and popular flower which is grown for its highly aesthetic, democratic and long lasting flowering qualities. Hence, the present study was conducted in Faridabad district of Haryana purposively. The marigold flower production base farmers of the selected villages were classified in two groups i.e. lower strata (up to one ha.) and upper strata (above one ha area). The per hectare cost of cultivation of marigold was reported about Rs. 142900.16 for lower strata and Rs. 149651.7 for upper strata size of farm of marigold farmers. On an average Rs 146275.93 of which 39.39 per cent (20.59 % hired labour and 18.80 % family labour) cost contributes human labour. Second major item was rental value of land 17.99 per cent followed by machinery charges 15.03 per cent, manures and fertilizers 8.08 per cent (2.94 % + 5.14 %), irrigation charges 7.55 per cent, expenditure on nursery raising  and insecticide and pesticide was reported 5.35 per cent and 15.22 per cent respectively.  Whereas the interest on working capital was 1.39 per cent. The contribution of net cost on family labour was 18.80 per cent. It was observed that the Benefit Cost ratio of marigold cultivation was Rs.1:2.46 whereas it was Rs. 1:4.02, Rs. 1:3.05 and Rs.1:2.46 under cost- A, cost- B and cost- C level, respectively. At cost of production level, the Benefit Cost Ratio found to be more in lower strata (Rs. 1:2.49) followed by (Rs 1:2.43) in upper strata. It was concluded from the study that the marigold cultivation is a profitable venture.


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