Organizational Role Stress: Perceptions of Women Agricultural Assistants from Kerala

Anshida Beevi, Monika Wason R.N.Padaria, Premlata Singh, Pramod Kumar , Eldho Varghese and Niveta Jain

Abstract


Stresses disrupt the physical or psychological functioning of individuals. Occupational Stress occurs in a reaction
to events or situations in the work environment. Different studies have classified occupational stress in terms of
different aspects such as physical environment, role stressors, organizational structure, job characteristics and
professional relationships. Organizational Role Stress (ORS) is defined as the stress resulting from the occupation
of an organizational role and performing or not being able to perform therein (Pareek.1983). The present study has
been undertaken to understand the perceived organizational role stress by the women agricultural assistants from
Kerala State Department of Agriculture. Expost- facto research design was followed in the study. A sample comprising
of 120 women agricultural assistants were selected through multistage random sampling. Organizational role
stress was measured using a Likert-type scale, which consisted of two broad groups of stressors namely family role
stressor and work role stressors. The scale was pre-tested during pilot study and Cronbach’s alpha found to be 0.95
which was significant. The study found that except role erosion stressor, all other role stressors were at moderate or
high level. Further, non-parametric two-way analysis showed that there was a highly significant difference between
different stressors. Stress due to role overload followed by inter-role distance was the major problem with mean
ranks 9.783 and 7.871 respectively.


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