An Analysis of Constraint Faced by the Farmers in The Way of Diffusing Contemporary Water Management Innovations (CWMI) in Similar Agro-Ecological Conditions

Sanjay Kumar Gupta and D.U.M. Rao


Primarily, dryland agro-ecosystems in all states of India were generally a neglected lot. During the years of
agricultural development and Green Revolution, undue emphasis on irrigated agriculture and food security of
cereal food grains, the drylands were not given adequate support. When regional differences began increasing the
gap between drylands and irrigated areas too began widening. Continued neglect of any development initiatives
and lack of policy on efficient and judicious use of ground water resources, farmers in drylands were left to fend for
themselves and the problems of water scarcity loomed large and resulted in agro-ecological crisis. Now there are
several district which became drought-prone and need ameliorative actions in water harvesting, storing, saving
and sharing among dryland farmers. In this study, it has been mentioned that in the previous section, that farmer
respondents have ardently adopted all the innovations related to water management in drylands, i.e., water
harvesting, water budgeting, water sharing and water saving through using micro-irrigation systems, and adopting
soil moisture conservation agronomic practices. Case study has also provided evidence that farmers get ample
benefits in forming water sharing groups for assured crop yields. In such dryland regions, in order to diffuse these
water management innovations among farmers in similar dryland agro-ecosystems, the questions that may arise
include: What constraints would come in the way to achieve this? To answer this question, opinions were sought
from experts and their consensus was achieved through Delphi technique. The major finding were: Constraints in
the way of diffusing CWMIin similar agro-ecosystem were found to be community mobilization and convincing
farmers for group actions.

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