Knowledge and Adoption Level of Improved Vegetable Farming Practices of SHG Members and Non-members in Himachal Pradesh, India

Surinder Singh and B.S. Hansra


Vegetable farming has found its way deeper in hill agriculture. Off-season vegetable production in hills enable
consumers to get fresh vegetable all around the year along with harvesting more monetary value from small hill
farms. As most of the land holdings are marginal in Himachal Pradesh, group action in vegetable production has
emerged as new hope for clubbing efforts on small farms. Self-help groups are being promoted for taking vegetable
production as a joint venture of farmers at village level.The present study was undertaken in the state of Himachal
Pradesh to find out the socio-economic and communication profile of SHG members and non-members, to appraise
and compare the knowledge and adoption level of improved vegetable farming practices of the members and nonmembers
and to delineate the factors affecting the knowledge and adoption level of improved vegetable farming
practices. From 30 randomly selected SHGs, 150 members were selected randomly and 150 non-members also
selected randomly were included for the study. Most of the members were young while non-members were middle
aged. SHG formulation was dominated by female members. Both members and non-members were marginal farmers.
Members’ knowledge and adoption level of improved vegetable farming were found to be medium while nonmembers
were in low knowledge and adoption category. SHG programme improved socio-economic status of the
members and positively influenced knowledge gain and adoption of technologies in the farms.

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