Perception of Farmers on Paddy Promotion Programmes under Decentralized Planning - A Case Study

Salpriya Seby, M.J. Mercykutty and R. Sendilkumar

Abstract


The major challenge faced by Kerala State is to achieve sustainable rice production for ensuring food security and
attaining adequate income to the farmers. Decentralized planning is an approach to balanced development and
reduction of regional disparities. The distinctiveness of Kerala’s decentralization is that, it has formularized a
participatory framework with inbuilt social accountability measures to take in citizen’s involvement in local
planning and governance in harmony with the national and regional policies.In this context, the present study was
conducted in Adat grama panchayat in Puzhakal block of Thrissur district, Kerala. It is one of the major rice
cultivating panchayats in the district and has about 3,000 acres of kole paddy fields. The panchayat has successfully
launched itself on the organic path to farming and set a model for panchayats elsewhere in the State. Thirty
beneficiaries of various paddy promotion programmes were randomly selected. The study intended to analyse the
perception of beneficiaries on effectiveness of paddy promotion programmes implemented under decentralized
planning as well as the constraints experienced. For analyzing the perception and constraints perception index
and Garett ranking technique were employed respectively.The respondents had good perception on effectiveness of
paddy promotion programmes implemented under decentralized planning. They had high perception on institutional
support aspect. The constraint analysis pointed out that human resource constraint as the major difficulty while
practising the intervention. Appropriate intervention in this area can be made cent per cent successful by overcoming
this lacunae. Based on the research findings some suggestions are put forth.

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