Impact of Frontline Demonstrations on Oilseed Crops in Konkan Region of Maharashtra

Sandeep Patil1, Mahesh Mahale, Sudeshkumar Chavan and Vaibhav Shinde

Abstract


Frontline demonstration (FLD) is the long-term educational activity conducted by agricultural scientists in a
systematic manner on farmers’ field to show the worth of new practice/technology. The Krishi Vigyan Kendra
(KVK)-Agriculture Science Centre, Ratnagiri has conducted FLDs during 2008 to 2012. The KVK has organized
93 FLDs on Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) and 26 FLDs on Niger (Guizotia abyssinica) in two villages. This study
aimed to determine the impact of frontline demonstrations (FLDs) on yield, adoption, varietal replacement and
horizontal spread of oilseed crops. All 119 FLDs beneficiary farmers were selected purposively as sample. The study
conducted in experimental designs (Before-After and Control-Treatment) of social research. The findings showed
that significant increase in the average yield of demonstration plot (20.57qha-1) over the control plot (13.75 qha-
1) of groundnut. Average yield of Niger was 2.75 qha-1 in 2008-09, which increased to 3.11 qha-1 in demonstration
year. The ‘Local’ and ‘SB-11’ variety of groundnut were replaced by improved varieties such as ‘Konkan Trombay
Tapora’ ‘TG 26’ and ‘Konkan Gaurav’. Similarly, improved ‘IGP-76’ and ‘Phule Karala’ varieties of Niger had
replaced the ‘Local’ low yielding varieties. The FLDs made a positive impact on the adoption of groundnut and
Niger crop production technologies. It indicates FLD is proven extension intervention to demonstrate the production
potential of improved technologies on farmers’ field. Therefore, it is recommended that the extension agencies
engaged in transfer of agricultural technologies may organize frontline demonstrations (FLDs) on cluster basis for
harnessing the productivity potential of oilseed crops in India.

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