Gender Differences in Agricultural Empowerment: A Cross-cultural Study in Tripura

Kankabati Kalai and Loukham Devarani

Abstract


The study was conducted in Charilam block of Sepahijala District of Tripura. From Charilam block, six villages
(three tribal and three non-tribal villages) were selected randomly and from each village ten households were
selected randomly. From the selected 60 households, the primary women and men were interviewed amounting to
a sample of 120 respondents of which 60 numbers were women and 60 numbers were men. Women’s Empowerment
in Agricultural Index (WEAI) has been used. Literally, tribal and non-tribal, differs in their culture, tradition and
views, while, women and men also are differs in their own settings. The results from present study reflect the same.
Adequate per cent of men were found more than women in the indicators input in productive decision, ownership of
assets, “purchase, sale, and transfer of assets” and “speaking in public”, while less per cent adequate in “group
membership”. Apart from it, tribal women (80.00) were also spotted more adequate than non-tribal women (56.67);
tribal men (50.00) more adequate than non-tribal men (30.00). Further findings highlight that percentage of empowered
men (61.67) was found more than women (60.00); tribal women (70.00) were found more empowered than non-tribal
women (50.00). The score of 5DE also shows that men (0.885) were more empowered than women (0.871). The percentage
of men (75.00) with gender parity, were found more than women (71.67). Percentage contribution of indicator input in
productive decision, autonomy in production, ownership of assets, purchase sale or transfer of assets, access to and
decision on credit, leisure were more or less similar for both women and men, but in case of indicator “group membership”
and “workload percentage” contribution was found less in men compared to women.

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