Role of Extension Services on Livestock Investment Decisions by Smallholder Farmers in Mbulu and Bariadi Districts, Tanzania

Mayala, Nyanjige Mbembela1 , Msuya, Elibariki Emmanuel and Katundu, Mangasini Atanasi

Abstract


Provision of extension services to livestock farmers ranks high on government’s agricultural development agenda
in Tanzania. Livestock Extension Services (LESs) are usually designed around productivity improvements to
farmers and the sector at large. The purpose of this study was to assess the role of LESs on the choices of smallholder
farmers commitment of resources for future expectation of returns on useful domesticated animals (Livestock
Investment Decisions - LIDe) in Mbulu and Bariadi Districts. A cross sectional research design was applied to
survey 333 households randomly selected among smallholder farmers. A probit regression model was employed to
investigate the role of extension service attributes on LIDe by smallholder. Results suggest that market linkages,
access to information, technology transfer, access to training, technical advises and competence of livestock
technical staff have a positive significant effect to LIDe. Group membership and access to livestock facilities
appeared to have negative influence. The study concludes that, the more access and participation in extension
service packages by the smallholder farmers, the higher the contribution of the extension services on LIDe. It is
recommended that, follow-up visits to farmers after joining new markets or channels is important so that sustainability
of the livestock returns to farmers is sustained.

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