Economics of Buffalo Milk Production in Rural Areas of Faizabad District of Eastern Uttar Pradesh

J.N. Yadav, R.A. Singh, Harender Yadav, V.P.S. Yadav and Subhash Chandra

Abstract


Livestock contributes to food and nutritional security by providing milk, meat and eggs; it provides draught power
and manure for crop production raw materials for industries and acts as insurance during bad crop years. Uttar
Pradesh is the largest contributor to the national milk production contributing around 18 per cent of total milk
production in the country. Buffalo rearing also serve as an insurance cover for the poor households being sold
during times of distress. Keeping in view the importance of livestock in rural development this study was carried out
in five villages of Faizabad district of Eastern Uttar Pradesh. Hundred milk producing households were selected
randomly for the study. The highest feeding cost was worked out in marginal followed by small and medium herd
size groups. This study highlights that cost of feed and fodder per milch buffalo per lactation was higher on
marginal (Rs.17898) as compared to small (Rs.16632) and medium (Rs.15528 ) herd size groups. The net maintenance
cost of per milch buffalo per lactation was estimated by deducting the income from dung from the total maintenance
cost. The net cost of maintenance per milch buffalo per lactation was Rs. 29256, 27561 and 25389 on marginal,
small and medium herd size groups, respectively. The benefit cost ratio per milch buffalo per lactation was 2.24,
1.93 and 1.71 on medium, small and marginal herd size groups, respectively. The break-even output was worked out
to be 18.19, 14.28 and 10.87 per cent of the total milk yield on marginal, small and medium herd size groups,
respectively. The livestock sector is positioned to be a major growth area because the total annual employment
generation per household was observed 328 man days.

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