Performance of Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) in Social Inclusion in Wokha District of Nagaland, India

Sashilila Ao and N. K. Patra


In spite of the consistent and high economic growth, India has frequently been experiencing poverty, social exclusion,
untouchability, inequality and unemployment. To address and mitigate all the unhealthy social issues and to
achieve social inclusiveness various endeavours have been introduced in the country since independence. Integrated
Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is one such initiative introduced in the country to achieve the social
inclusion, to reduce the poverty, to up-scale the rural livelihood as well as to conserve the natural resources. This
paper is an attempt to examine the performance of IWMP to up-scale the social inclusiveness of beneficiaries in
Wokha, Nagaland, India. In this study 114 beneficiaries of IWMP are included as respondents. Important 5 aspects
of social inclusiveness are included in the study. Further, 35 issues are included to examine the performance of
IWMP in up-scaling of social inclusiveness, and of which 8 issues are included under social aspect, 10 issues each
under physical and economic aspects, 5 issues for gender aspect and 2 issues under political aspect. Results
indicate that performance of IWMP is highly significant in respect of improvement of social, physical, economic and
gender aspects of social inclusiveness of beneficiaries and highly significant in terms of up-scaling of overall social
inclusiveness. The two tailed Z –value of overall social inclusiveness is -9.0157, Z-critical of 1. 96 and p value of 0.
Study also proves that majority of the beneficiaries (i.e., 63 %) have moderately benefitted and another 23% of
beneficiaries are greatly benefitted from the IWMP.

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