Impact of Frontline Demonstration Technologies on Sesame Crop Yield in Bhind District (M.P.)

Raj Singh Kushahwah, Rupendra Kumar, U.C. Sharma, N.S. Bhadauria, N.K. Kushwaha and Chandan Kumar

Abstract


Sesame which is commonly known as ‘Til’. It is one of the earliest domesticated plants of India. The seeds of the
plants yield valuable edible oil due to presence of potent antioxidant, so sesame seeds are known as the seeds of
immortality. Two distinct type of seed are recognized, the white and black one. The study was conducted in the
Bhind district of Madhya Pradesh with the objective of impact of frontline demonstration technologies on Sesame
crop yield. Sixty four demonstrations on improved varieties of Sesame - JTS-8 and TKG-22 covering 25.8 ha. area
has been conducted during 2010-11 to 2014-15. The demonstrated technologies have shown average increased
yield (22.77%) over farmers’ practice in the district .The average yield of demonstrated technologies was 6.50 q/
ha., while it was 5.33 q/ ha in farmers practice. The highest yield 11.0 q / ha. has been recorded in the year of 2012-
13, while, it was 7.50 q/ha. in farmers’ practice in the year of 2013-14. A average yield gap 1.16 q / ha. has been
recorded in demonstrated technologies and farmers’ practice. The average yield gap was highest (2.0q/ha) during
2014-15 and it was lowest in (0.50 q/ha) 2014-15. The average cost of cultivation was incurred Rs. 17300 / ha. in
demonstrated technologies , while, it was Rs. 15724 / ha in farmers practice .The average additional cost / ha was
Rs. 1576/ in front line demonstration as compared to farmers’ practice. The average net return was Rs.37206/- in
demonstrated technologies while, it was Rs. 29537 in case of farmers practice. The average additional net return
was Rs. 7669/ ha in demonstrated technologies as compared to farmers practice. The average B:C ratio were 2.96
and 2.66 in front line demonstrated technology and farmers practice, respectively.

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