Impact of Bt Cotton Production Technology in Haryana

Sumit Yadav, Godara A.K. and V.P.S. Yadav


Cotton is a major fiber crop and used for textile purpose by about 75 percent of world’s population. Cotton is
attacked by several insect pests reducing the crop yield to a greater extent. The insect pests that attack cotton crop
may be classified into sap sucking insects (aphids, Jassids and white fly) or chewing insects (bollworms, leaf eating
caterpillars etc.) of the total pesticides used in Indian Agriculture, about 45 per cent is sprayed on cotton crop
alone. To reduce pesticide usage in cotton, several strategies like use of Genetic Resistance to insect pests, Integrated
Pest Management (IPM), Insecticide Resistance Management (IRM) etc. are advocated. In recent times, Bt cotton
technology is found to be one of the best strategies to manage bollworms, the most important pest of cotton. The
present study was conducted during 2014-2015 in Haryana. Two districts Hisar and Sirsa were purposely selected
for the study because they have largest area of production under Bt cotton. The present study was conducted in
purposely selected districts of Hisar and Sirsa of the native state Haryana because these districts have largest area
and production under Bt-cotton. In this study, Impact of Bt cotton production technology was seen on the cotton
growers in Haryana. 160 farmers constituted the sample for the purpose of the study. Majority of respondents
perceive that Bt. Cotton reduces the insecticide use, increases household incomes, employment, education, standard
of living and reduction in health hazard incidences due to pesticides.

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