Empowerment of Women in Rice Farming System

D.A. Nithya Shree, Roopa U. Natagall and Rekha Rayanagoudar

Abstract


The women is the backbone of agricultural workforce but worldwide her hard work has mostly been unpaid. She
does the most tedious and back-breaking tasks in agriculture, animal husbandry and homes. Their significant
contribution as labour input has generally remained unaccounted. They are far behind and need to be adequately
empowered to take up future challenges. The nature and extent of women involvement in agriculture varies greatly
from region to region, ecological sub-zones, caste, class and stages in the family cycle. Empowering farm women for
better quality of life is an important and burning issue today. Quality of life includes food and nutrition, health,
social, educational, outings/holidays and standard of living. Women described success in terms of children, satisfaction
in work, reputation, ability to choose daily activity, their contribution to the community and their overall perceived
quality of life. This paper aims to know the social, technological and economic empowerment levels of women
involved in rice farming system. A total sample of 120 women were purposively selected from three districts of
Karnataka state viz., Dharwad, Uttar Kannada and Haveri. Data was collected with the help of interview schedule.
The collected data was analyzed using correlation, frequencies and percentages. The study revealed that the
majority of women (95.80 %) have less empowered socially. However they had medium level of empowerment in
technological and economic conditions (45.80 % and 76.70 % respectively). Social empowerment is low compared
to economic and technological empowerment because women are involved both in farm & home activities hence
they do not get much time for social activities

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