Sustainable Vegetables and Flowers Production Technology (Poly House): Problems & Prospects in Haryana

B.S. Ghanghas, J.S. Malik and V.P.S. Yadav

Abstract


India is the largest producer of vegetables in the world next to China; its requirements of vegetables are rapidly
increasing because of burgeoning population. The factors such as adverse climatic conditions, high potential of
vegetables, fruits and flowers, agro inputs availability, small and fragmented land holdings and increased demand
of quality vegetables necessitate the adoption of protected cultivation. Vast majority (94%) of poly house farmers
opined moderate to high prospects of poly house. Increased production and productivity per unit of land, water,
energy and labour, high quality and clean products, high water and fertilizer use efficiency, subsidy provision for
establishment of high cost infrastructure, round the year employment to the farmers were the major prospective
aspects perceived by poly house farmers. While they faced many problems like population explosion of minute
insects like mites & white flies, especially the white fly menace, frequent occurrence of windstorms, hailstorms, lack
of cold storage facilities in villages, high cost of refrigerated vehicle and problem of nematode infestation were the
major serious constraints faced by the poly house growers. The field functionaries must provide continued technical
guidance and quality cladding material since technology being capital as well as care intensive with special care
for control of white fly and nematode infestations, regarding proper marketing and value addition knowledge and
skill to farmers for sustainability of poly house cultivation.

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