Comparison of Soy Enriched Diversified Foods and Foods Made from Traditional Cereals on Rural Children in the State of Jharkhand

Bharti bau

Abstract


Food fortification has been emerged as an effective and economically viable strategy to address the micronutrient
deficiency for people living in impoverish socio-economic condition. In India, problem of micronutrient deficiency
among poor children can be addressed by this strategy. This study was an endeavor to test the effectiveness and
viability of this strategy on selected children living in urban and semi-urban areas of the State of Jharkhand. This
study was carried out on 60 purposively selected malnourished children of both sexes falling under the age range
of 3 – 6 years. The Medical Council of India (MCI) defined parameters of malnourishment were applied while
assessing the level of malnourishment among the selected children. The Body Index (Parameters) and a specially
designed socio-demographic data sheet were applied for collecting the data. The selected 60 children were equally
divided into two groups, and in these two groups two different kinds of diversified food items were given, viz., First
group was provided the diversified food (Laddus) contained of soybean flour + maize flour + jaggary + clarified
butter and second group was given laddus made up of Bengal gram flour + maize flour + jaggary + clarified butter.
At the baseline physical assessment was done of the selected children and subsequently at 6-month and at the end
of the study the body indices of the children were measured. No significant difference was noted between the two
groups of Children in any body mass index at baseline, after 6 months and end of the study period. Both the
diversified foods were found to be equally efficacious for the selected children’s optimal growth and development.

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