Occupational Preference and Difficulties Faced By Displaced Tribal Farm Women in Hill Districts of Assam

K. K. Saharia, M. Johari and J. Talukdar


A study on occupational preference and realization of difficulties by the displaced tribal farm women in hill
districts of Assam in rearing livestock was carried out with stratified randomly selected one hundred each
respondents from two districts namely Dima Hasao and Karbi Anglong making the total sample size 200. A pretested,
reliable and valid interview schedule encompassing preference for occupation and a check list containing
seventeen items were used for data collection. Among the displaced tribal farm women, preference of occupation
from higher to lower as primary source of livelihood was agriculture, followed by animal husbandry, business,
weaving and craft making where service did not feature. The realization of difficulties by the respondents was in
low level and there was no significant mean difference between the two districts. No time for weaving and craft
making, needing to put more labour, lack of open grazing field for livestock, education of children suffering and
no recreation against tedious labour were the major problems the displaced tribal farm women faced due to
rearing of livestock. The realization of difficulties was positively and high significantly (P<0.01) correlated with
occupation (0.41**) when the displaced tribal farm women had livestock.

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