Micro Climate Affecting Livestock Production in Assam

K.K. Saharia1, J. Talukdar and M. Johari

Abstract


Livestock produce gaining popularity in recent years is helping in sustainable livelihood security and poverty
alleviation. It has given rise to the need for a critical analysis on various aspects of climate, sustainability, preference
and performance etc. With a stratified random sampling technique a study was conducted in Dibrugarh, Kamrup
and Bongaigaon districts of Upper Assam, Middle Assam and Lower Assam respectively in flood affected blocks
selected for data collection. At the village level, random sampling method on the basis of lottery was adopted to
select the respondents. Precision investigations were ensured by the check lists and methods specially prepared for
the purpose of this study. Information was collected personally by the researchers in a pre-tested, reliable and valid
interview schedule containing the features of micro climate indicators. The data such collected were arranged,
tabulated and analyzed so as to arrive at useful conclusion and interpretation. Flood was recognized as the most
important factor affecting livestock in all the three districts. The micro-climate factors affecting livestock production
had no significant mean difference among the districts in Assam. The major micro-climatic factors affecting livestock
production in order of their impact were Flood (6.09%), Less availability of grass (5.82%), Parasitic infestation
(5.72%), Education (5.66%) and Draught (5.56%). Flood had significant affect and the five critical indicators of
micro-climate could express as high as 35.00 per cent of the variations in livestock production, although there was
a significant difference as far as R value (1.75*) was concerned.

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